Forsvarets Forskningsdatabase


Military Reality and Military Research – the Difficult Connection Seen from a Danish Perspective

Aktivitet: Tale eller præsentationForedrag og mundtlige bidrag

Maria Panum Baastrup - Foredragsholder

Abstract Keywords: Military research, civil research, practice, knowledge production, knowledge translationThe military educational system in Denmark faces a challenge: coupling research and practice to ensure that knowledge from practice is rooted and used in research, and that research makes a positive difference in practice. It is not a unique challenge. On the contrary. It is seen within many professions with strong roots in practice, including civil areas such as the training of nurses, pedagogues and primary school teachers. Within a Danish military context focus on these mechanisms has so far been limited, but changes to the training of officers – with the new accredited and, to some extent, research-based programme – have forced us to take a critical look at the system. The aim of this presentation is first to explore how we, based on theories and experiences from other fields, can improve the connection between practice and research and second to give concrete examples of how this has been implemented in a military context at the Royal Danish Defence College. In this connection, the discussion of Modus 2 (e.g. Gibbons 1994 et al., Scott & Gibbons 2001) – a theory on knowledge production – plays a main role. The Modus 2 concept concerns a form of knowledge production that is context- and problem-oriented and cross-disciplinary. Modus 2 knowledge is driven by a wish to solve specific problems. The knowledge obtained is convincing if it manages to solve the given problem. On this problem-oriented basis, Modus 2 knowledge production is often cross-disciplinary. The research is often conducted outside traditional university environments – for example in the industry or under the auspices of the Danish Defence. There is also such a thing as ‘post-academic’ research, where other stakeholders, besides researchers, help decide what to research. The majority of all research projects conducted at the Royal Danish Defence College as well as large parts of practice-related military research in general are practice-oriented and focus on concrete problems to be solved. One can therefore argue that main aspects of the theory are useful in a military, practice-related reality. This presentation will compare some of the relevant theories used in the civil world, which may be translatable to a military context. Furthermore, it will discuss how the task of coupling research and practice can be addressed more specifically and offer concrete examples of how the Royal Danish Defence College has managed to couple research projects, practice and education.In addition, it will briefly touch on the possible schism between military research and civil research. The two often represent different starting points, focal points, traditions and practitioners, and thus also have different bases for being integrated in and interacting with military practice, but can we really distinguish between military research and civil research? The effort to couple research and practice in the Danish Defence is well underway and, to some extent, based on experiences, theories and methods from the civil world, which in itself is a subject for discussion.Relevant literature:Danish Evaluation Institute (2017). Forskning og udvikling på professionshøjskolerne som vej til uddannelseskvalitet. Danish Evaluation Institute. Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P. & Trow, M. (1994). The New Production of Knowledge – the dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies, Sage.Rekkedal, N.M. (2004). Modern krigskonst - militärmakt i förändring. Försvarshögskolan, Stockholm.Scott, P. & Gibbons, M. (2001). Rethinking science: knowledge in an age of uncertainty. Polity Press.
17 nov. 2017

Begivenhed (Konference)

TitelThe International Society of Military Sciences
Forkortet titelISMS
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