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Not so disruptive after all: The 4IR, navies and the search for sea control

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Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies and their applicability at sea now
dominate debates about the future of naval operations. This article examines
the extent to which such technologies, including autonomous and unmanned
weapon systems and artificial intelligence, will disrupt naval warfare. Using two
case studies, the South China Sea and the Baltic Sea, this article finds that in the
key operational output of attaining sea control these technologies will not
disrupt naval warfare. While they may intensify the competition between the
operational attributes of detection, stealth, range and lethality, they will ultimately sustain existing understandings of seapower and its strategic effects.
TidsskriftJournal of Strategic Studies
StatusUdgivet - 25 nov. 2020


  • Kunstig intelligens
  • Baltikum
  • Militær teknologi
  • Militær innovation
  • Maritime operationer
  • Østasien
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