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Engelsk

Grønland Under 2. Verdenskrig

Studenteropgave: Diplomprojekt

  • Charlotte Brath
Afgangsprojekt, Den militære diplomuddannelse (Diplomuddannelse)
The purpose of this paper is to account for the basis for the US engagement and presence in Greenland during the Second World War. Furthermore, Denmark’s relations to Greenland during this time is accounted for. The account is then a subject for analysis, where political realism and liberalism are used to emphasise the underlying reasons for the course of events. The period of time under examination begins with the German occupation of Denmark on 9th of April 1940 and ends with the signing of the Agreement Relating to the Defence of Greenland on the 9th of April 1941.

The Monroe Doctrine and the “hands off” policy executed on behalf of president Roosevelt has pivotal role in the understanding of this. It obstructed a Canadian or British occupation of Greenland and at the same time it necessitated the Greenland break with the German occupied Denmark. After the occupation of Denmark, the sheriffs (landsfogeder) of Greenland were seen by the US as the official representatives of Greenland. Nevertheless, the Danish ambassador in Washington, Henrik Kauffmann assumed the role of ambassador for Greenland and thereby represented it. Kauffmann ensured that Greenland came under US protection and established a commission which had the purpose to attend to all matters relating to Greenland. On the 9th of April 1941 the Agreement Relating to the Defence of Greenland was signed and the US engagement and presence in Greenland during the Second World War along with Denmark’s relations to Greenland during this time, was formalised.

In the analysis it is found, that the National Interest defined in terms of National Power was the underlying reason that Greenland came under US protection and discontinued relations to Denmark. Simply because the US had the National Power to do so and Denmark did not. The US “hands off” policy was a manifestation of realisms fundamental assumption, that the state’s primary concern is survival in a zero-sum game. The importance of the cryolite shows the state’s pursue of power through resources. The difference of morality enabled the political duplicity, and finally the autonomy of politics, where power is the main concern, enabled Kauffmann and the US signing of the Agreement Relating to the Defence of Greenland. And so, realism emphasises the underlying reasons for the course of events.
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato18 feb. 2020
Antal sider23
Udgivende institutionInstitut for Militærhistorie, Kulturforståelse og Krigsteori
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