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Kina på Grønland: Implikationerne for Rigsfællesskabet

Studenteropgave: Diplomprojekt

  • Oskar Borup Krabbe
Afgangsprojekt, Den militære diplomuddannelse (Diplomuddannelse)
China’s increasing aspiration to become a great polar power has an impact on all actors in the Arctic region. This also includes Greenland, where China has shown interest in building bilateral relations through investing in polar and arctic research, natural resource extraction and infrastructure. As Greenland is a part of the unity of the Realm, Denmark is also affected by the Chinese engagement. Officials of Greenland and Denmark appear to be handling the interests differently. The purpose of this study is to examine why that is the case, and furthermore, how this creates challenges internally in the unity of the Realm. By applying Stephen Walt’s defensive neo-realist balance-of-threat theory, the study investigates how Greenland and Denmark assess the threat the Chinese interest poses, based on their individual perceptions of China’s aggregate power, geographic proximity and geostrategic opportunities, as well as offensive intentions. The study concludes that Denmark perceives the Chinese intentions as gaining long term political influence, and, consequently, attempts to balance against China. Greenland, on the other hand, does not see the Chinese interests as involving negative security implications. Instead, they believe China’s intentions are purely of a financial nature and are therefore gladly welcoming their investments with what appears to be a bandwagoning behavior. Since Denmark and Greenland have different perceptions of the Chinese interests, the stage is set for an increasing number of challenges within the unity of the Realm. In order to overcome these challenges, this study recommends an increased cooperation between the two countries in understanding the underlying Chinese intentions.
Udgivelsesdato8 nov. 2018
Antal sider64
Udgivende institutionHærens Officersskole
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