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Når småstaten fører stormagtspolitik

Studenteropgave: Diplomprojekt

  • Morten Rydal Ravn
Afgangsprojekt, Den militære diplomuddannelse (Diplomuddannelse)
The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the Danish foreign and security policy in the Baltics during the years after the cold war. The conditions in the world’s politics changed so drastically that one can argue that a small state as Denmark had attempted to implement a great power policy in the Baltic region. That is why I will examine what kind of conditions were in place at the time and to what degree it have had an impact on the Danish foreign and security policy in the Baltics today.

The thesis’ theoretical basis is the work of Joseph Nye and his description of soft power, theory of what characterizes a small state and theory of activism in foreign policy. Soft power is one of the core components in the small state’s execution of power. With this in mind the author of this thesis have constructed six analytical indicators, which will be applied to the Danish foreign and security policy in the Baltics in the 1990’s and today. The thesis is a single case study and therefore one can only look for the indicators presents in the empirical data. The empirical data mainly consists of official documents from the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance and Ministry Defense.

The thesis shows that Denmark has used soft power through an active foreign policy through all of the six analytical indicators in the Baltics after the cold war. Denmark has helped the Baltic countries become free, liberal and democratic countries with both financial and cultural components. Denmark has as well used its political and diplomatic influence to change the discourse in international institutions, such as EU, NATO, OSCE, Council of the Baltic Sea States and the Nordic-Baltic Corporation to secure a positive and friendly approach towards the Baltic States. Denmark has also helped the Baltic States uphold and defend their sovereignty with material and education.

What impact this has had on the foreign policy in the Baltic region is addressed in the thesis’ discussion. It is clear that there are parallels to some areas of the Danish foreign Policy but is has been difficult to conclude on other areas of the policy. The conclusion is that today Denmark still uses an active foreign policy, still uses and expands the cultural connections, still places international institutions in the Baltics and still helps them defending their sovereignty.
Udgivelsesdato8 nov. 2018
Antal sider50
Udgivende institutionHærens Officersskole
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