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Sikkerhedsadministration i Sahel: Mod et permanent stadie af gråzone intervention?

Studenteropgave: Diplomprojekt

  • Mads Kristian Fabricius Krarup
Afgangsprojekt, Den militære diplomuddannelse (Diplomuddannelse)
The states of the north are facing a new security-development nexus in the south, with a security-complex of migration, terrorism, political and social instability across the Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. Post Afghanistan and Iraq the security agenda of the international society has undergone some fundamental transformations in military intervention, in which the French operations in Sahel have been pivotal. The purpose of this paper is to introduce security administration as a concept and strategic, in order to construe a fundamental transformation of military intervention in European security policy and how it translates into a particular set of conditions for a Danish strategy in Sahel. Security administration is the state executive’s organization of risk and affiliated consequences for national security into strategic goals in order to balance these risks with military force. The thesis’s theoretical basis lies in security and conflict studies, as well as theories of strategy and doctrinal evolution from the 1990’s up until present counterterrorism and stability operations in Sahel. From at strategic analysis of French military intervention with Operation Sahel in Mali onto counter terrorism Operation Barkhane and UN MINUSMA the thesis seeks to display empirical evidence of the aforesaid transformation in how the north states intervene in the south. The results suggest that under the guise of counter terrorism and stabilization operations France has pushed the international society towards a justification of a permanent military presence, with a carte blanche to pursue and neutralize theorist threats. In the light of French militarism and aggressive counterterrorism, Denmark faces some strategic dilemmas in its pursuance of a comprehensive approach to stabilization missions. Herein counter terrorism in corporation with incumbent governments in the Sahel states goes against long term stabilization goals of democratic legitimacy and accountability. Another dilemma lies in the choice of capabilities and capacity in the Danish military. A partnership with France such as within the new E2I framework, might push Denmark towards more specialized entities, such as special forces, QRF, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance units. However the capabilities of these units may be different from those needed in peace and stability operations, such as security forces and blue-helmet monitors. This calls for a rebalancing of Danish strategic priorities. The paper finds that as a construct security administration provides a possible answer to many of the research questions put forward from conflict and security studies over the course of the past decades such as the future of international cooperation, state sovereignty, developments in military intervention, risk, technology and fragile states.
Udgivelsesdato10 okt. 2019
Antal sider46
Udgivende institutionHærens Officersskole
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