Danish Defence Research Database


EU Police Mission and EU Mission for Security Sector Reform in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Successes, Shortcomings and Lessons Identified

Research output: RDDC PublicationsCommissioned

The European Union’s (EU) direct engagement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) dates back to 2002 and should be seen as part of an integrated and multifaceted engagement within the DRC. The European Commission has prioritised peace, security and stabilisation in relation to the DRC, and the EU has been, and continues to be, one of the most vital international donors in the DRC through its humanitarian assistance, rehabilitation and capacity-building programmes. In recent years the EU has increased its support to the country in terms of European-driven initiatives, as well as in close cooperation with other donors such as the United Nations. In 2005 the EU deployed two different missions to the DRC, one aimed at assisting with training the Congolese police and military institutions as part of the Security Sector Reform (EUPOL), and the other as part of a state-building project initiated after the signing of two peace agreements (EUSEC). The EUPOL mission was terminated in 2014 and the EUSEC in 2016. Both missions were successful in some areas and failed in others. Despite their shortcomings, the EUPOL and EUSEC missions can provide valuable lessons for future EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and operations.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationCopenhagen
PublisherRoyal Danish Defence College
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-87-7147-221-9
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2018
SeriesFAK Brief


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