Danish Defence Research Database


Serbisk nationalisme: Fra sameksistens til etnisk udrensning

Student thesis: Master programme thesis

  • Claudia Læssøe Pedersen
Stabskursus, Joint Senior Staff Course
This thesis examines how it was possible for Serbian nationalism to be developed from
coexistence to ethnic cleansing in about a decade, from the death of Tito to the first systematic
ethnic cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1992. The roots of Serbian nationalism
will be examined to provide the background for the period in question. The thesis focuses
on how the three main actors, the Serbian Orthodox Church, the intellectual elite and the
Milošević regime influence the development of nationalism through construed narratives,
which are given power and legitimacy through history, especially the Battle of Kosovo
1389 and the genocide during the Second World War. Also spectacular stagings based on
history are made to put life into certain narratives. Especially the narratives of victimization
and dehumanization are put forward and are in particular through Milošević used for massive
nationalistic propaganda. Milošević controls all important media, which he uses to
bring the propaganda to the people in order to mobilize them. The thesis shows, that the
articulated narratives, given power and legitimacy through history, are used massively in
the nationalistic propaganda and play a substantial part in the actual war and ethnic
cleansing becoming real.
Publication date2 May 2014
Publishing institutionForsvarsakademiet


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